Book 2 Identity and Values: Study Tools
Chapter 3 – Defining the Human Person
Vocabulary (click on the word for the definition)
agape love – Selfless love that recognizes the unique preciousness of each and every human being.
essence – The intrinsic nature of a thing; what a thing is at its very heart and core.
human being – a being of human origin
human person – a human being who possesses rights and deserves to be protected under the law. The most complete definition of a human person is: “a living being that contains a real and existing power to direct its own development toward fulfillment through perfect, unconditional, and infinite Truth, Love, Goodness, Beauty, and Unity, and will do so if all the proper conditions are met.”
nominal definition – Assigns a name to a thing. Nominal definitions are the basis of language, without which we could not communicate.
objective definition – a definition that includes all known data about the entity being defined. Objective definitions are free of personal bias and allow the entity being defined to reveal itself
real definition – A complete definition that tries to get at the essence of what you are describing; not imposed arbitrarily, but observed and discovered from the intrinsic nature of the thing being defined.
subjective definition – a definition that is tainted with the personal biases of the observer, and/or does not include all known data about the entity being defined
telos – The Greek word for “end,” “final goal,” or “full purpose”; the point at which a thing reaches its fullest stage of development — the fullest form of its power; similar to “to ti en einai” which means, “what it was to be” or “what it was meant to be.”
transcend – To rise above or go beyond the limits of the physical or material world.