Book 3 Ethics and Justice: Study Tools
Chapter 3 – Freedom
Vocabulary (click on the word for the definition)
commitment – an agreement or pledge to do something in the future, or to be obligated in some way to someone else, to a cause, or to a course of action
courage – not allowing your fears to dominate you; does not mean that you are not afraid. One of the four cardinal virtues.
detachment – to no longer be dependent on or held captive by former desires and patterns of behavior
four cardinal virtues
four cardinal virtues – wisdom, justice, courage, and self-discipline. Can be extended to five virtues when we include love.
freedom – a state of being able to control your own thoughts and pursue your own actions.
freedom for – a condition that liberates people to serve a purpose beyond themselves; also know as “freedom to”
freedom from – a condition that allows people to serve their own wants and desires; having all your options open, and not being bound by commitments, responsibilities rules, or laws.
goals statement – a list of personal goals written out
justice – being fair; giving other people what they are owed.
period of maximum resistance
period of maximum resistance – the point at which you experience the strongest resistance against a new habit you are trying to form.
personal freedom – the way that each human being uses freedom to make personal decisions and choices.
political freedom – the rights of citizens to not be abused or unjustly coerced by government authorities, or by other persons.
practice – the second of the three steps toward changing habits. Involves engaging in the new habit whenever the opportunity arises.
prayer – the third of the three steps toward changing habits. Involves speaking to God and asking for His help.
responsibility – a duty or task that we are required, expected, or morally obliged to do
surrender – in the context of this book, to let go into the hands of God, trusting that He will guide me toward my ultimate purpose and perfect fulfillment
self-discipline – exercising reasonable control and restraint over your desires. One of the four cardinal virtues.
self-sacrifice – giving up something that we want or have, or even giving up our very lives, in order to pursue a greater good for some other person or cause.
ultimate – perfect, absolute, infinite, unconditional, and eternal.
virtuous habit – a pattern of behavior that helps people move toward Level 3 and Level 4 goals.
visualization – the first of the three steps toward changing habits. Involves seeing yourself a certain way in your mind.
wisdom – knowing what is important in life so that when conflict happens, you can choose well. One of the four cardinal virtues.